John Edward Robichaux

John Edward Robichaux:
The Maestro of New Orleans Jazz

Region: Thibodaux & New Orleans, LA
1866 – 1939

Photo Caption: The John Robichaux Orchestra of New Orleans in 1896: (seated, left to right) Dee Dee Chandler, drums; Charles McCurdy, clarinets; John Robichaux, violin and leader; Wendell MacNeil, violin; (standing) Baptiste DeLisle, slide trombone; James Wilson and James MacNeil, cornets; Oak Gaspard, string bass.
Photo Credit: Image courtesy of the William Ransom Hogan Jazz Archive of Tulane University.

In the vibrant tapestry of New Orleans’ rich musical history, one name stands out as a true maestro of jazz: John Edward Robichaux. Born in the heart of Louisiana, this talented drummer and bandleader left an indelible mark on the world of music, orchestrating melodies that would resonate for generations to come. Join us on a delightful journey through the life and music of John Edward Robichaux, a musical virtuoso whose legacy continues to enchant.

The Birth of a Musical Pioneer

Our story begins in Thibodaux, Louisiana, where John Edward Robichaux was born. From these humble beginnings, he would go on to become a driving force in the New Orleans music scene. In 1891, young Robichaux embarked on a journey that would forever shape his destiny as he made his way to the vibrant streets of New Orleans, the cradle of jazz.

The Rhythm of New Orleans

New Orleans in the late 19th century was a melting pot of musical traditions and cultures. It was here that John Robichaux found his calling as a bass drummer for the Excelsior Brass Band, a position he held with grace and rhythm from 1892 to 1903. The brass band tradition in New Orleans was steeped in history and exuberance, and Robichaux’s drumming provided the heartbeat that kept the music alive.

But John Robichaux was more than just a drummer; he was a visionary bandleader with a passion for music that knew no bounds. In 1893, he took up the violin and began leading his own ensembles, a testament to his versatility and dedication to the craft. His ensembles, led by his skilled violin playing, would go on to become a hallmark of New Orleans music, enchanting audiences with their melodies and rhythms.

A Maestro and His Orchestra

The pinnacle of John Robichaux’s musical career came in 1913 when he led a remarkable 36-piece orchestra. This was no small feat, as it required not only musical prowess but also the organizational skills of a true maestro. Robichaux’s orchestra was a spectacle to behold, a symphony of sound that transcended genres and captivated audiences.

In an era when live music was the heartbeat of entertainment, Robichaux’s orchestra was at the forefront, dazzling audiences with its sheer size and musical excellence. It was a testament to his leadership and the respect he commanded in the musical community of New Orleans.

Composer of Melodies

John Edward Robichaux was not content with just performing the music of others; he had a gift for composition. His creative spirit gave birth to over 350 songs, each a unique melody that added to the tapestry of jazz. These compositions were a reflection of his love for music and his deep connection to the vibrant culture of New Orleans.

Robichaux’s compositions ranged from lively and infectious to soulful and introspective. Each note he penned told a story, a musical narrative that echoed the spirit of his beloved city. These songs were not just notes on paper; they were windows into the soul of New Orleans, a city where music flowed through the streets like a river.

Orchestrating Excellence

Beyond his compositions, John Robichaux was a master of orchestral arrangements. His ability to craft intricate and harmonious arrangements elevated his music to new heights. These arrangements were a testament to his dedication to his craft, as well as his commitment to showcasing the talents of the musicians he worked with.

Today, many of Robichaux’s orchestral arrangements are preserved at the William Ransom Hogan Jazz Archive, a treasure trove of jazz history located at Tulane University. These documents serve as a testament to the meticulous craftsmanship that went into every performance led by Robichaux.

A Musical Legacy

John Edward Robichaux’s impact on the world of jazz cannot be overstated. He was not just a musician; he was a conductor of emotions, a composer of melodies, and a visionary bandleader. His ensembles were a testament to the power of collaboration, bringing together some of the finest musicians in New Orleans, including luminaries like Bud Scott, Lorenzo Tio, Manuel Perez, and Edward Chandler.

Robichaux’s music lives on, echoing through the streets of New Orleans and beyond. His compositions continue to be cherished and performed, connecting new generations to the timeless melodies of jazz. The spirit of his 36-piece orchestra lives on in the symphonies of modern jazz ensembles, a testament to the enduring influence of a true musical maestro.


In the annals of jazz history, John Edward Robichaux stands as a true pioneer, a maestro of melodies, and a visionary bandleader. From the heart of Louisiana to the vibrant streets of New Orleans, his music transcended time and place, enchanting audiences with its rhythm, passion, and soul.

As we tap our feet to the infectious rhythms of jazz and lose ourselves in the melodies of New Orleans, let us remember the man who helped shape the very essence of this music. John Edward Robichaux’s legacy lives on, a testament to the enduring power of music to captivate the heart and soul, and to connect us to the rich tapestry of history that is jazz.